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Ternopil

Ternopil. Ukraine
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Ternopil yana daya daga cikin mafi girma a biranen yammacin Ukraine, located in da zuciya da kuma ciwon da matsayi na da muhimmanci ciniki cibiyar. Yana da wani m, wuce yarda kore birnin da na musamman da yanayi, m tarihi da wata plethora ban sha'awa na halitta, tarihi da kuma gine-gine gani.

The name Ternopil, bisa ga daya labari, fãra daga magana “ternovoye polye” (a zahiri, "Blackthorn filin"), saboda blackthorn itatuwa da cewa amfani da girma a nan. Wani labari ikirarin cewa garin ya suna bayan da kafa, Grand Crown Hetman Jan Tarnowski. Shi ya, bayan sun karbi wasika daga Yaren mutanen Poland m Sigismund na Tsohon kira ga wani gari da za a kafa, gina garu castle a nan a cikin 16th karni.

A cikin tsakiyar zamanai, Ternopil tsaya a mahada da muhimmanci ciniki hanyoyi, zama wani muhimmin cibiyar kasuwanci. Birnin yana da wani ɓangare na Austro-Hungarian Empire tun lokacin da marigayi 18th karni, amma bayan karshen yakin duniya na, ya koma Poland. a 1939, Ternopil zama wani ɓangare na Tarayyar Soviet, da kuma, tun 1991, na m Ukraine.

The birnin main batu na sha'awa an dauke su Tsohon Castle, wanda tarihi ya fara kusan 500 shekaru da suka wuce. Shi ne mafi tsira yi a Ternopil. Ko da yake castle wani tsaron gida bulwark, shi ba zai iya tserewa da ravages yaki: Fort aka lalace sau da yawa, amma aka gina kuma da sake. A cikin karni na 19th, castle aka juya a cikin wani Rasha classicist fada, da sauran defenses aka shafe. yau, dutse bango sosai ado ƙofofin kewaye fadar.

Daga cikin gine-gine duwatsu masu daraja da ba Ternopil da Sankiran look, Dominican Church cancanci musamman ambaci. Gina a cikin 18th karni, a ƙarshen Baroque style, da m hasumiyai tashi a cikin tarihi gari. Near coci tsaye Dominican sufaye 'rai bariki. A Soviet sau, da coci da aka juya a cikin wani hoto gallery; shi ne a yanzu aiki sake.

Amma ko da more tsoho sacral gine-gine sun tsira a Ternopil. Daya daga cikin tsohon birnin da ya fi ado wuri ne Church of daukaka na Cross, gina a farkon 16th karni a kan ƙasa da wani tsoho Kyivan Rus Haikali. A wannan lokacin, aka sau da yawa amfani da su kare birnin. Yana da ba kawai da tsofaffin gini a Ternopil, amma kuma mafi m daya, kamar yadda coci ba shi da wani domes. kwanan nan, da coci da aka mayar da suna da “Church on the Pond.” The ancient Church of Nativity, kafa a 1602, Shĩ bai zama ba mai ban sha'awa.

But Ternopil’s calling card is its 300-hectare manmade lake, located a cikin zuciyar birnin. The lake kamar haihuwa a matsayin da birnin kanta: shi an halitta a lokaci guda kamar yadda castle. Parks da gidãjen Aljanna kewaye da lake, kuma shi ne mai rare yawo wurin 'yan ƙasa da kuma baƙi m.

Mutane da yawa jinsin tarihi, gine-gine da al'adu wuri kuma za a iya samu a Ternopil ta karkata: kusan kowane gari da kowane kauye da kuke so ƙunshi kango na wasu na da castle, tsoho coci ko gidan sufi. The Kremenets Castle and the Pochayiv Lavra are the most popular destinations.

Ternopil ne mai matukar jin dadi da kuma kwantar da hankula birnin. Abin da ya sa da yawa matafiya zo nan don ba don sha'awan da gani, amma ga ma ji unusually dumi da kuma m yanayi na wannan ban mamaki birnin.

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