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Hais txog Ukraine

Hais txog Ukraine. Useful information for foreign studets
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Ukraine yog ib lub teb chaws nyob rau hauv sab hnub tuaj teb chaws Europe. Ukraine ciam teb rau lwm Belarus mus rau lub qaum teb hnub poob , Lavxias teb sab Federation rau sab hnub tuaj thiab northeast, Poland, Slovakia thiab Hungary rau sab hnub poob, Romania thiab Moldova mus rau lub southwest. Sab qab teb ntawm Ukraine yog ntxuav los ntawm dub hiav txwv thiab Hiav txwv ntawm Azov.


Ib ncig ntawm Ukraine yog 603,628 km², ua rau nws lub coob lub teb chaws rau cov nyob sab Europe teb chaws. Qhov siab tshaj plaws taw tes nyob rau hauv Ukraine yog Mt. Hoverla nyob rau hauv lub Carpathians, nrog ib tug nce ntawm 2061 m (txog 6762 ft).


Nyob rau lub yim hli ntuj 24, 1991 lub Ukrainian parliament tau saws lub Act of Independence nyob rau hauv uas lub parliament tshaj tawm hais tias Ukraine li ib tug ywj siab ywj pheej lub xeev. Ukraine yog ib tug unitary lub xeev muaj li ntawm 24 xeev, ib tug siv yooj yim koom pheej (Crimea).


Ukraine muaj ntau yam pauv loj economic tej zaum. Tus yuam sij sector ntawm kev khwv nyiaj txiag yog kev lag luam. Nws tso nyiaj rau tus loj tshaj ib feem ntawm lub teb chaws cov nyiaj khwv tau. Agriculture yog ib qho tseem ceeb raws li zoo.


Co-lag luam nrog thoob ntiaj teb nyiaj txiag koom haum, nrog International ntsig txog Fund (IMF), Thoob ntiaj teb thiab European ntug dej ntawm reconstruction thiab kev loj hlob (IBRD thiab EBRD) pab ua kom paub cov kev pab cuam ntawm cov nyiaj txiag stabilization thiab nyiam cib fim credit pab mus rau lub kev khwv nyiaj txiag ntawm lub teb chaws.


Ukraine muaj ib tug feem ntau tsis kub tsis txias continental kev nyab xeeb. Nag lossis daus yog disproportionately faib; nws yog siab tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv lub sab hnub poob thiab sab qaum teb thiab qis tshaj nyob rau hauv lub sab hnub tuaj thiab sab qab teb. Western Ukraine tau txais nyob ib ncig ntawm 1,200 millimeters (47.2 nyob rau hauv) nag lossis daus txhua xyoo, thaum Crimea tau txais nyob ib ncig ntawm 400 millimeters (15.7 nyob rau hauv). Winters sib txawv los ntawm txias raws Dub hiav txwv kom txias farther inland. Qhov nruab nrab lub caij ntuj no kub yog los ntawm -8˚C rau -12˚C (los ntawm + 17.6˚F rau + 3˚F). Nyob rau hauv yav qab teb cov cheeb tsam lub caij ntuj no kub yog hais txog 0˚C (+320F). Qhov nruab nrab lub caij ntuj sov kub: los ntawm + 18˚C rau + 25˚C (los ntawm + 64.4˚F rau + 77˚F) tab sis thaum lub sij hawm nruab hnub nws yuav ncav cuag + 35˚C (+95f).


Tag nrho cov pejxeem ntawm Ukraine tau kwv yees li ntawm 45,426,200 nyob rau hauv Lub ib hlis ntuj 2014. Qhov loj tshaj plaws lub nroog nyob rau hauv Ukraine yog Kyiv (capital ntawm Ukraine). Ukraine yog inhabited los ntawm cov neeg sawv cev ntawm 128 haiv neeg, nationalities, thiab haiv neeg.


lub xeev lus ntawm Ukraine yog Ukrainian. Lavxias teb sab, uas yog tus de facto official lus ntawm lub Soviet Union, yog dav hais, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv sab hnub tuaj thiab yav qab teb Ukraine. Muaj ib co pawg hais lus Crimean-Tatar, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian thiab lwm yam lus.

Kev cai dab qhuas: Ntseeg yuav mus rau ob peb txojkev ntseeg. Orthodox thiab Greek Catholic (Ukrainian Catholic ntawm Byzantine Rite) yog cov loj tshaj.

Hryvna yog ib lub teb chaws txiaj ntawm Ukraine. Nws tau lub teb chaws txiaj txij li thaum lub Cuaj Hli Ntuj 2, 1996.


Niaj hnub nimno Ukraine kab lis kev cai muaj ib tug ntau nyob rau hauv ntau nrog Lavxias teb sab thiab Belarusian haiv neeg. Nws yog ib heev to taub raws li tag nrho peb haiv neeg muaj lawv cov keeb kwm hauv paus hniav thiab lub hauv paus pib los ntawm Kievan Rus, tab sis thaum lub sij hawm lub xyoo pua 13th lawv pib tsim raws li tus neeg haiv neeg ces lawv yog tam sim no. Keeb kwm qha hais tias txhua txhua lub teb chaws nyhav tsim legends thiab dab neeg hais txog nws keeb kwm yav dhau los. Keeb kwm cov txheej xwm yog feem ntau txhais nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev cov neeg xav mus saib lawv, tab sis hais tias tsis tau txhais hais tias qhov no yog txoj kev uas lub tiag tiag cov txheej xwm coj qhov chaw.


Koj puas paub?

  • Nyob 500 lub zos ntawm Ukraine tau nrhiav tau ntau tshaj 900 xyoo dhau los, kuj 4,500 lub zos ntawm Ukraine yog ntau tshaj 300 xyoo.
  • Ntau tshaj 150 txhiab monuments ntawm kab lis kev cai, keeb kwm, thiab archeology kev cuam tshuam cov zoo kawg li keeb kwm ntawm lub Ukrainian neeg. 80 % ntawm lub monuments ntawm Kyivan Rus ntu (IX – XII centuries) yog feeb meej nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws ntawm Ukraine.
  • Lub excavations ntawm ancient zos nyob rau hauv Tira, Olvida, Chersonese, Panticapea sib tam los ntawm cov 5th century B.C. raws li zoo raws li lub zoo kawg li fortresses ua nyob rau hauv lub 14th-15th centuries los ntawm Italians los ntawm Genoa, muaj nyob rau hauv Crimea.
  • ntau tshaj 600 puas paub cov feem ntau zoo ua luaj cov lus tseeb thiab personalities ntawm Ukrainian keeb kwm thiab kab lis kev cai.
  • Ukraine muaj zoo heev thiab ntau haiv neeg geography, climatic tej yam kev mob, thiab scenic xwm. Ukraine tourism tswv xav txog Dub hiav txwv thiab lub Crimea raws li ib qhov chaw zoo tagnrho rau mountaineering, roob caij tsheb kauj vab, pob zeb nce toj thiab dhia. Lub Carpathian roob ib txhis chaw rau skiing, mountaineering thiab kayaking.
  • Muaj ntau cov cheeb tsam ntawm Ukraine tau txais kev cawmdim lawv haiv neeg originality. Tourists yog li ntawd muaj ib lub sijhawm zoo mus ntsib nrog lub teb chaws kab lis kev cai, zaj nkauj, seev cev, thiab noj mov.

nkag 2017-2018 yog qhib nyob rau hauv Ukraine

Tag nrho txawv teb chaws cov menyuam kawm ntawv zoo siab tos txais mus kawm nyob rau hauv Ukraine. Koj yuav thov tau nrog Ukrainian Nkag Center.

Nkag chaw ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv Ukraine

email: ukraine@admission.center Viber / Whatsapp / Telegram: +38 (063) 654-09-52 chaw nyob: Nauki Avenue 40, 64, Kharkiv, Ukraine. THOV TAM SIM NO
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