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Ternopil

Ternopil. Ukraine
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Ternopil ndi umodzi mwa mizinda yaikulu ya kumadzulo Ukraine, ili mu mtima mwake ndi kukhala ndi udindo wa malo malonda zofunika. Ndi phokoso, mzinda amazipanga wobiriwira ndi chikhalidwe wapadera, yowala mbiri ndi plethora a chidwi zachilengedwe, zowoneka m'mbiri komanso kamangidwe.

Dzina Ternopil, monga nthano wina, limachokera ku mawu akuti “ternovoye polye” (kwenikweni, "Blackthorn munda"), chifukwa cha mitengo blackthorn kuti ntchito kukula pano. Nthano ina amanena kuti mzindawo unatchedwa tate wake, Grand Korona Hetman Jan Tarnowski. Ndipo Iye, atalandira kalata kwa Polish wolamulira Sigismund Ine Old akuyitanira mzinda udzakhazikitsidwa, anamanga zokhalamo Nyumbayi pano m'ma 16.

Mu Ages Middle, Ternopil anaima pa mphambano ya njira malonda kwambiri, kukhala ndi likulu la za malonda. mzinda anali gawo la Austria ndi Hungary kuyambira m'zaka za m'ma 18 mochedwa, koma pambuyo pa mapeto a World nkhondo yoyamba, inabwerera kwa Poland. mu 1939, Ternopil anakhala mbali ya Soviet Union, ndi, chifukwa 1991, la palokha Ukraine.

mzindawo mfundo yaikulu ya chidwi kuti zinali Old Castle, mbiri amene anayamba pafupifupi 500 zaka zapitazo. Ndi wamkulu wotsalayo kumanga Ternopil. Ngakhale Nyumbayi inali kumbuyo kudziika palinga, izo sakanapulumuka ladziko nkhondo: linga lawonongeka kangapo, koma anamangidwanso mobwerezabwereza. M'zaka za m'ma 19, Nyumbayi inali inasanduka Russian classicist nyumba, ndi chitetezo chake otsala anawonongedwa. Today, linga la miyala ndi zipata kwambiri chokongoletsedwa wazungulira nyumba.

Pakati pa chuma mapulani amene Ternopil maonekedwe ake inimitable, Mpingo Dominican woyenera anatchulidwa mwapadera. Anamanga m'nthawi ya 18 mu mochedwa kalembedwe Baroque, nsanja zake kaso adzauka mu mbiri mzinda. Near mpingo paima Amonke Dominican 'kukhalira m'nyumba. Mu nthawi Soviet, mpingo anasanduka chithunzi zomera; ndi mwachangu kamodzinso.

Komatu nyumba zakalekale sacral anapulumuka mu Ternopil. Mmodzi wa mzinda lakale odziwika kwambiri kukongoletsa ndi Mpingo wa kutamandira Cross, anamanga m'zaka za m'ma 16 pa dera la wakale Kyivan Lazaro kachisi. Panthawi imeneyo, izo ankakonda mudzi wa. Izo si nyumba yakale kwambiri mu Ternopil, koma amene kwambiri zachilendo, monga mpingo ulibe domes. posachedwapa, mpingo linakhalanso ndi dzina “Church on the Pond.” The ancient Church of Nativity, anakhazikitsidwa mu 1602, ndi chimodzimodzi chidwi.

But Ternopil’s calling card is its 300-hectare manmade lake, ili mu mtima wa mzindawo. Nyanjayi ndi wamkulu monga mumzindawo: izo analengedwa pa nthawi yofanana ndi kulinga. Parks ndi minda anazungulira nyanja, ndipo wotchuka kungoyenda malo nzika ndi alendo omwe.

Zosiyanasiyana mbiri, kamangidwe ndi chikhalidwe zikhomo akhoza kupezeka pa mzinda Ternopil a: pafupifupi mzinda ndi aliyense m'mudzi inu mungathe muli mabwinja a ena Nyumbayi akale, mpingo wakale kapena obisika. The Kremenets Castle and the Pochayiv Lavra are the most popular destinations.

Ternopil ndi momasuka kwambiri ndi bata mzinda. N'chifukwa apaulendo ambiri kuno osati kaso zowoneka yake, koma kuti nawonso ndikumverera modabwitsa ofunda ndi kuchereza chikhalidwe cha mzinda lodabwitsali.

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