ఖార్కివ్ (ఉక్రేనియన్), or కాయర్కావ్ (రష్యన్), also is the second largest city in Ukraine (after కైవ్, of course). 3/4 century ago it lost its status of the capital of Ukraine (Soviet Ukraine), but it is educational capital of Ukraine.
The population of Kharkov ఉంది 1.5 millions people. Kharkiv has a richcultural, శాస్త్రీయ, విద్యా, transport and industrial life. City hosts hundreds of industrial companies. Even during the crisis the city is developing. New hotels are being built.
Transport system of Kharkov is one of the best in Ukraine. During preparation to Euro 2012, city government repaired many roads and changed some of marshrutka on central streets to make the traffic less heavy. Kharkiv metro is 35 km long and has 28 stations. There were new fast trains laucnhed to connect major cities of Ukraine (కైవ్, Donetsk, ల్వివ్).
Kharkov Airport has been renovated and new connections are being launched almost every half a year.
The most popular landmark of Kharkiv is the Freedom Square (Ploshcha Svobody), the third largest city square in Europe, and it takes the 7th place when speaking about the world. About other attractions of Kharkiv you can read here.